Discogenic low back pain: interventional treatment

  • V I Smolanka Uzhhorod National University, Uzhhorod, Ukraine
  • V M Fedurtsya Uzhhorod Regional Center of Neurosurgery and Neurology, Uzhhorod, Ukraine
  • B B Pavlov Neuromed clinic, Kyiv, Ukraine
Keywords: Low back pain (LBP), discogenic pain, interventional pain management, interventional intradiscal procedures

Abstract

Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common causes of disability in the adult population. A significant place in its genesis is occupied by a degenerative-
dystrophic diseases of intervertebral discs. The article highlights the classification and mechanism of discogenic pain origin. Various types of interventions are
described for this pathology: indications, specificities of carrying out manipulations and therapeutic effects, efficiency and possible complications of procedures.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Kim DH. (edited by). Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Spinal Techniques. Philadelphia; Elsevier Saunders; 2011.

Hodinka l. Bol’ v nizhney chasti spiny. Vnutrennyaya meditsina;2007; 1(1): 41–45. Russian. Hodinka L. Боль в нижней части спины. Bнутренняя медицина; 2007; 1(1): 41–45. Available from: http://www.mif-ua.com/archive/article/602.

Chistik T. Bol’ v nizhney chasti spiny: algoritmy diagnostiki I effektivnogo lecheniya. Bol’. Sustavy. Pozvonochnik; 2015; 3 (19):43–45. Russian. Чистик Т. Боль в нижней части спины: алгоритмы диагностики и эффективного лечения. Боль. Суставы. Позвоночник; 2015; 3 (19): 43–45. Available from: http://www.mifua.com/archive/article/41738.

Povoroznyuk VV. Bol’ v nizhney chasti spiny. Rasprostranennost’,prichiny, mekhanizmy razvitiya i osobennosti diagnostiki. Bol’.Sustavy. Pozvonochnik; 2011; 1 (01): 120–130. Russian. Поворознюк ВВ. Боль в нижней части спины. Распространенность, причины, механизмы развития и особенности диагностики. Боль. Суставы. Позвоночник; 2011; 1 (01): 120–130. Available from: http://www.mif-ua.com/archive/article/16182.

Harms MC, Peers ChE, Chase D. Low Back Pain: What Determines Functional Outcome at Six Months? An Observational Study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disord; 2010; 11: 1–236. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471–2474–11–236. PMID: 20942925. PMCID:PMC2973928.

Byvaltsev VA, Stepanov IA, Bardonova LA, Belykh EG. Intervertebraldisc degeneration and possibilities of tissue engineering.Hir. Pozvonoc. 2017; 14(1):60–67. Russian. Бывальцев ВА, Степанов ИА, Бардонова ЛА, Белых ЕГ. Дегенерация межпозвонкового диска и возможности тканевой инженерии. Хирургия позвоночника. 2017; 14(1): 60–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.14531/ss2017.1.60–67.

Byvaltsev VA, Belykh EG, Stepanov IA, Giers M, Preul MC. Cytokine’s mechanisms of intervertebral disc degeneration. Siberian Medical Journal (Irkutsk). 2015; 137(6): 5–11. Russian. Бывальцев ВА, Белых ЕГ, Степанов ИА, Гиерс М, Прул МС. Цитокиновые механизмы дегенерации межпозвонкового диска. Сибирский медицинский журнал. 2015; 6: 5–11. Available from: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/tsitokinovye-mehanizmy-degeneratsiimezhpozvonkovogo-diska.

Byvaltsev VA, Panasenkov SJ, Kalinin AA, Sorokovikov VA, Asantsev AO. Method for simulating degenerative changes of spine. Patent RU 2584136. Appl. 30.12.2014. Publ. 20.05.2016. Bul. 14. In Russian. Бывальцев ВА, Панасенков СЮ, Калинин АА, СороковиковВА, Асанцев АО. Способ моделирования дегенеративных изменений позвоночника. Патент RU 2584136. Дата подачи заявки:30.12.2014. Опубл. 20.05.2016. Бюл. № 14. Available from: http://www.findpatent.ru/patent/258/2584136.html.

Kapural L, Vrooman B, Sarwar S, Krizanac-Bengez L, Richard Rauck, Gilmore C, North J, Girgis G, Mekhail N. A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Transdiscal Radiofrequency, Biacuplasty for Treatment of Discogenic Lower Back. Pain Pain Medicine. 2013;14: 362–373. https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12023.

Nijs J, Apeldoorn A, Hallegraeff H, Clark J, Smeets R, Malfliet A et al. Low Back Pain: Guidelines for the Clinical Classification of Predominant Neuropathic, Nociceptive, or Central Sensitization Pain. Pain Physician 2015; 18: 333–346. PMID: 26000680.

Sviridova NK. Bol’ v spine kak chastaya prichina obrashcheniyak nevrologu. Etiologiya, patofiziologiya i lechenie boli. Mezhdunarodnyy Nevrologicheskiy Zhurnal. 2016; 7 (85): 78–80. Russian.Свиридова НК. Боль в спине как частая причина обращения к неврологу. Этиология, патофизиология и лечение боли. Международный Неврологический Журнал. 2016; 7 (85): 78-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.22141/2224–0713.7.85.2016.86921.

Dubin AE, Patapoutian A. Nociceptors: the sensors of the painpathway. J. Clin. Invest. 2010; Nov. 120 (11): 3760–3772. PMID:21041958, PMCID: PMC2964977 doi: 10.1172/JCI42843.

Spitzer WO. Scientific approach to the assessment and management of activity-related spinal disorders. A monograph for clinicians. Report of the Quebec Task Force on Spinal Disorders. Spine.1987; Sep.12 (7): 1–59. PMID: 2961086.

Eun IS, Park WW, Suh KT, Kim JI, Lee JS. Association between osteoprotegeringene polymorphism and bone mineral density in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Eur Spine J. 2009; 18:1936–1842. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586–009–1145-z.

Kukushkin ML. Diagnostika i lechenie nespetsificheskoy boli vspine. Meditsinskiy sovet. 2016; 08: 58–62. Russian. Кукушкин МЛ. Диагностика и лечение неспецифической боли в спине.Медицинский совет. 2016; 08: 58–62. Available from: www.medsovet.pro/jour/article/download/1307/1267.

Kiseleva AV, Krylov EA, Starikova EP, Kuznetsova SA. Faktor rosta sosudistogo endoteliya i immunnaya sistema. Uspekhi sovrem. biol.2009; 129 (4): 336–347. Russian. Киселева АВ, Крылов ЭА, Старикова ЕП, Кузнецова СА. Фактор роста сосудистого эндотелияи иммунная система. Успехи соврем. биол. 2009; 129 (4): 336–347. Available from: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=12803485.

Tsiv’yan YaL. Patologiya degeneriruyushchego mezhpozvonkovogo diska. Novosibirsk; Nauka (Sibirskoe otdelenie). 1988. Russian.Цивьян Я Л. Патология дегенерирующего межпозвонкового диска. Новосибирск; Наука (Сибирское отделение). 1988.

Acaroglu ER, Iatridis JC, Setton LA, Foster RJ, Mow VC, Weidenbaum M. Degeneration and aging affect the tensile behavior of human lumbar anulus fibrosus. Spine. 1995;20:2690–2701. doi:10.1097/00007632–199512150–00010.19. Akiyama H. Control of chondrogenesis by the transcription factorSox9. Mod Rheumatol. 2008; 18: 213–219. doi: 10.1007/s10165–008–0048-x.

Battie MC, Videman T. Lumbar disc degeneration: epidemiology and genetics. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006; 88 Suppl 2: 3–9. doi:10.2106/JBJS.E.01313.

Belykh E, Giers M, Bardonova L, Theodore N, Preul M, Byvaltsev V. The role of bone morphogenetic proteins 2, 7, and 14 in approaches for intervertebral disk restoration. World Neurosurg. 2015;84: 870–877. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2015.08.011.

Bogduk N. The anatomy and pathology of lumbar back disability. Bull Post Grad Comm Med Univ Sidney. 1980; 36: 2–17. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–198003000–00015.

Roberts S, Eisenstein SM, Menage J, Evans EH, Ashton IK. Mechanoreceptors in intervertebral discs. Morphology, distribution, and neuropeptides. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995; Dec 15; 20(24):2645–51. PMID: 8747242. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–199512150–00005.

Fagan A, Moore R, Vernon Roberts B, Blumbergs P, Fraser R.SSLS prize winner: The innervation of the intervertebral disc:a quantitative analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Dec 1;28(23): 2570–6. PMID: 14652473. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.brs.0000096942.29660.b1.

Coppes MH, Marani E, Thomeer WM, Groen GJ. Innervation of “painful”lumbar discs. Spine. 1997; Vol. 22: 2342–2349. PMID: 9355214. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–199710150–00005.

Brown MF, Hukkanen MV, McCarthy ID, Redfern DRM, Batten JJ, Crock HV, Hughes SPF, Polak JM. Sensory and sympathetic innervation of the vertebral endplate in patients with degenerative disk disease. J Bone Joint Surg. Br. 1997; Vol. 79: 147–153. PMID:9020464. https://doi.org/10.1302/0301–620x.79b1.6814.

Aoki Y, Ohtori S, Ino H, Douya H, Ozawa T, Saito T, Moriya H, Takahashi K. Disc inflammation potentially promotes axonal regeneration of dorsal root ganglion neurons innervating lumbar intervertebral disc in rats. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Dec 1;29(23): 2621–6. PMID: 15564910. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.brs.0000146051.11574.b4.

Hirsch C. An attempt to diagnose the level of disc lesion clinically by disc puncture. Acta Orthop. Scand. 1949; Vol. 18 (1–4): 132–140.https://doi.org/10.3109/17453674908988964.

Lindblom K. Diagnostic puncture of intervertebral disk in sciatica. Acta Orthop. Scand. 1948; Vol. 17(1–4): 231–239. PMID:18879767. https://doi.org/10.3109/17453674808988943.

Prodan AI, Kutsenko VA, Kolesnichenko VA. Intervertebral discs dereception: old idea – new technology. Hirurgiâ pozvonočnika.2005;(4):055–060. Russian. Продан АИ, Куценко ВА, Колес-ниченко ВА. Дерецепция межпозвонковых дисков: старая идея – новые технологии. Хирургия позвоночника. 2005; (4):055–060. Available from: http://www.spinesurgery.ru/jour/article/view/1074/892.

Volpentesta G, De Rose M, Bosco D, Stroscio C, Guzzi G,Bombardieri C, Chirchiglia D, Plastino M, Romano M, Cristofalo S,Pardatscher K. Lavano A. Lumbar percutaneous intradiscal injection of radiopaque gelified ethanol (Discogel) in patients with low backand radicular pain. J Pain Relief. 2014; 3: 145–151. https://doi.org/10.4172/2167–0846.1000145.

Touraine S, Damiano J, Tran O, Laredo JD. Cohort study of lumbar percutaneous chemonucleolysis using ethanol gel in sciatica refractory to conservative treatment. Eur Radiol. 2015.25(11):3390–3397. PMID: 25903710. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330–015–3740–1.

Clinical trials. gov. Intradiscal gelified ethanol and pulsed radiofrequency versus gelified ethanol injection for discogenic low back pain. Available from: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02343484. NLM identifier:NCT02343484 Accessed March 25, 2016.

Knezevic NN, Mandalia S, Raasch J, Knezevic I, Candido KD. Treatment of chronic low back pain – new approaches on the horizon. Journal of Pain Research. 2017; 10: 1111–1123. PMID: 28546769.PMCID: PMC5436786. DOI: 10.2147/JPR.S132769.

Smith L. Enzyme dissolution of the nucleus pulposus in humans. JAMA. 1964; 187: 137–140. PMID: 14066733. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1964.03060150061016.

Nordby EJ, Wright PH. Efficacy of chymopapain in chemonucleolysis. A review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994; 19(22): 2578–2583. PMID: 7855684. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–199411001–00014.

Couto JM, Castilho EA, Menezes PR. Chemonucleolysis in lumbardisc herniation: a meta-analysis. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2007;62(2): 175–180. PMID: 17505703. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1807–59322007000200013.

Wittenberg RH, Oppel S, Rubenthaler FA, Steffen R. Five-year results from chemonucleolysis with chymopapain or collagenase: a prospective randomized study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976).2001; 26(17): 1835–1841. PMID: 11568690. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–200109010–00002.

Brown MD, Tompkins JS. Chemonucleolysis (discolysis) with collagenase. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1986; 11(2): 123–130. PMID: 3010478.https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–198603000–00004.

Chiba K, Masuda K, Andersson GB, Momohara S, Thonar EJ. Matrix replenishment by intervertebral disc cells after chemonucleolysisin vitro with chondroitinase ABC and chymopapain. Spine J. 2007; 7(6): 694–700. PMID: 17526432. DOI: 10.1016/j.spinee.2006.09.005.

Kepler CK, Ponnappan RK, Tannoury CA, Risbud MV, Anderson DG. The molecular basis of intervertebral disc degeneration. Spine J. 2013; 13(3): 318–330. PMID: 23537454. DOI: 10.1016/j.spinee.2012.12.003.

Raj PP. Intervertebral disc: anatomy-physiology-pathophysiology-treatment. Pain Pract. 2008; 8(1): 18–44. PMID: 18211591. DOI:10.1111/j.1533–2500.2007.00171.x.

Haro H, Nishiga M, Ishii D, Shimomoto T, Kato T, Takenouchi O, Koyanagi S, Ohba T, Komori H. Experimental chemonucleolysis with recombinant human matrix metalloproteinase 7 in human herniated discs and dogs. Spine J. 2014; 14(7): 1280–1290. PMID:24295797. DOI: 10.1016/j.spinee.2013.11.039.

Doita M, Kanatani T, Ozaki T, Matsui N, Kurosaka M, Yoshiya S. Influence of macrophage infiltration of herniated disc tissue on the production of matrix metalloproteinases leading to disc resorption. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001; 26(14): 1522–1527. PMID: 11462080.https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–200107150–00004.

Haro H, Crawford HC, Fingleton B, Shinomiya K, Spengler DM, Matrisian LM. Matrix metalloproteinase-7-dependent release of tumornecrosis factor-alpha in a model of herniated disc resorption. J Clin Invest. 2000; 105(2): 143–150. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci7091.

Peng B, Zhang Y, Hou S, Wu W, Fu X. Intradiscal methylene blue injection for the treatment of chronic discogenic low back pain. Eur Spine J. 2007; 16: 33–38. PMID: 16496191. PMCID: PMC2198898.DOI: 10.1007/s00586–006–0076–1.

Peng B, Pang X, Wu Y, Zhao C, Song X. A randomized placebo-controlled trial of intradiscal methylene blue injection for the treatment of chronic discogenic low back pain. Pain. 2010; 149: 124–129.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2010.01.021.

Kim SH, Ahn SH, Cho YW, Lee DG. Effect of intradiscal methylene blue injection for the chronic discogenic low back pain: One year prospective follow-up study. Ann Rehabil Med. 2012; 36: 657–664. doi: 10.5535/arm.2012.36.5.657. PMCID: PMC3503941.

Gupta G, Radhakrishna M, Chankowsky J, Asenjo JF. Methylene bluein the treatment of discogenic low back. Pain Physician 2012; 15:333–338. Available from: http://www.painphysicianjournal.com/current/pdf?article=MTczOA %3D %3D&journal=69.

Gautam S, Rastogi V, Jain A, Singh AP. Comparative evaluation of oxygenozone therapy and combined use of oxygen-ozone the rapywith percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency thermocoagulation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Pain Pract.2011; 11: 160–166. PMID: 20642485. DOI: 10.1111/j.1533–2500.2010.00409.x.

Masini M, Calaзa A. Minimally invasive treatment for refractorylow back pain, targeted by epidural endoscopy with O2/O3 andsteroid therapy. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2011; 108: 33–37. PMID:21107935. doi: 10.1007/978–3-211–99370–5_6.

Magalhaes FN, Dotta L, Sasse A, Teixera MJ, Fonoff ET. Ozonetherapy as a treatment for low back pain secondary to herniated disc: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Pain Physician 2012; 15: 115–129. PMID: 22430658.

Vaillant JD, Fraga A, Dнaz MT, Mallok A, Viebahn-Hänsler R, Fahmy Z, Barberá A, Delgado L, Menéndez S, Fernández OSL. Ozone oxidative postconditioning ameliorates joint damage and decreases proinflammatory cytokine levels and oxidative stress in PG/PS-induced arthritis in rats. Eur J Pharmacol. 2013; 714: 318–324.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2013.07.034.

Chang JD, Lu HS, Chang YF, Wang D. Ameliorative effect on ozone on cytokine production in mice injected with human rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblast cells. Rheumatol Int. 2005; 26: 141–151.PMID: 15570426. DOI: 10.1007/s00296–004–0526–1.

Elawamy A, Kamel EZ, l Hassanien M, Wahba OM, Amin SE. Implication of Two Different Doses of Intradiscal Ozone-Oxygen Injection upon the Pain Alleviation in Patients with Low Back Pain: A Randomized,Single-Blind Study. Pain Physician. 2018; 21: 25–31.Available from: http://www.painphysicianjournal.com/current/pdf?article=NTAwOQ %3D %3D&journal=109.

Kolesov SV, Kurpyakov AP.Cold plasma nucleoplasty for intervertebral disc herniation. Hir. Pozvonoc. 2007; (3): 53–58. In Russian.Колесов СВ, Курпяков АП. Использование холодно плазменной нуклеопластики в лечении грыж межпозвонковых дисков. Хирургия позвоночника. 2007; (3): 53–58. Available from: http://www.spinesurgery.ru/jour/article/view/932/745.

Veizi E, Hayek S. Interventional therapies for chronic low backpain. Neuromodulation. 2014; 17: 31–45. PMID: 25395115. DOI:10.1111/ner.12250.

Kumar NS, Shah SM, Tan BW, Juned S, Yao K. Discogenic axial back pain: is there a role for nucleoplasty? Asian Spine J 2013; 7:314–321. PMID: 24353849. PMCID: PMC3863658. https://doi.org/10.4184/asj.2013.7.4.314.

Freeman BJ, Mehdian R. Intradiscal electrothermal therapy, percutaneousdiscectomy, and nucleoplasty: what is the current evidence?Curr Pain Headache Rep 2008;12:14–21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916–008–0004–7.

Yakovlev A, Tamimi MA, Liang H, Eristavi M. Outcomes of percutaneous disc decompression utilizing nucleoplasty for the treatment of chronic discogenic pain. Pain Physician. 2007; 10: 319–328.Available from: http://www.painphysicianjournal.com/current/pdf?article=Nzk2&journal=32.

Liliang P-C, Lu K, Liang C-L, Chen Y-W, Tsai Y-D, Tu Y-K. Nucleoplasty for treating lumbar disk degenerative low back pain: an outcome predictionanalysis. Journal of Pain Research. 2016; 9: 893–898. PMID:27826211. PMCID: PMC5096781. DOI: 10.2147/JPR.S116533.

Eichen PM, Achilles N, Konig V, Mösges R, Hellmich M, Himpe B,Kirchner R. Nucleoplasty, a minimally invasive procedure for disc decompression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of published clinical studies. Pain Physician. 2014; 17: 149–173. Available from: http://www.painphysicianjournal.com/current/pdf?article=MjA2Ng %3D %3D&journal=81.

Manchikanti L, Falco FJ, Benyamin RM, Singh V, Calodney AK, Onyewu O, Helm S-II, Hirsch JA. An update of the systematic assessmentof mechanical lumbar disc decompression with nucleoplasty. Pain Physician. 2013; 16 (2 Suppl.): 25–54. Available from: http://www.painphysicianjournal.com/current/pdf?article=MTg3OQ%3D %3D&journal=74.

Gerges FJ, Lipsitz SR, Nedeljkovic SS. A systematic review on the effectiveness of the nucleoplasty procedure for discogenic pain. Pain Physician. 2010; 13: 117–132. Available from: http://www.painphysicianjournal.com/current/pdf?article=MTMyMg %3D %3D&-journal=54.

Asher WP, Holzer P, Claici G. Denaturation and vaporization of the nucleus pulposus of herniated intervertebral discs in: Abstract Book of Int. Symposium on Percutanneous Lumbar Discectomy;1998 August 12–13; Berlin. Berlin, 1998.

Zorin NA, Kirpa YuI, Sabodash VA. Punktsionnaya lazernaya vaporizatsiya sekvestrirovannykh gryzh mezhpozvonkovykh diskov. UNJ.2000; 1(9): 65–67. Russian. Зорин НА, Кирпа ЮИ, Сабодаш ВА.Пункционная лазерная вапоризация секвестрированных грыжмежпозвонковых дисков. УНЖ. 2000; 1(9): 65–67. Availablefrom: http://theunj.org/article/view/51443.

Goupille P, Mulleman D, Mammou S, Griffoul I, Valat JP. Percutaneouslaser disc decompression for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation:a review. Semin Arthritis Rheum. Aug 2007; 37(1): 20–30.PMID: 17363041. DOI: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2007.01.006.

Schenk B, Brouwer PA, van Buchem MA. Experimental basis of percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD): a review of literature. Lasers Med Sci. Dec 2006; 21(4): 245–249. PMID: 16937074. DOI:10.1007/s10103–006–0393-y.

Schoenenberger AW, Steiner P, Debatin JF, Zweifel K, Erhart P, von Schulthess GK, Hodler J. Real-time monitoring of laser diskectomies with a superconducting, open-configuration MR system. AJRAm J Roentgenol. Sep 1997; 169(3): 863–867. PMID: 9275913.DOI: 10.2214/ajr.169.3.9275913.

Steiner P, Zweifel K, Botnar R, Schoenenberger AW, Debatin JF, von Schulthess GK, Hodler J. MR guidance of laser disc decompression: preliminary in vivo experience. Eur Radiol. 1998;8(4):592–597.PMID: 9569329. DOI: 10.1007/s003300050441.

Shchedryonok VV, Sebelev KI, Ivanenko AV, Moguchaya OV. Outcomes of puncture methods for treatment of spinal osteochondrosis. Hirurgiâ pozvonočnika. 2010; (1): 046–048. Russian. Щедренок ВВ, Себелев КИ, Иваненко АВ, Могучая ОВ. Результаты пункционных методов лечения остеохондроза позвоночника. Хирургия позвоночника. 2010; (1): 46–48. DOI: 10.14531/ss2010.1.46–48.

Casper GD, Hartman VL, Mullins LL. Laser assisted disc decompression: an alternative treatment modality in the Medicare population. J Okla State Med Assoc. Jan 1996; 89(1): 11–15. PMID: 8720551.

Bosacco SJ, Bosacco DN, Berman AT, Cordover A, Levenberg RJ, Stellabotte J. Functional results of percutaneous laser discectomy.Am J Orthop. Dec 1996; 25(12): 825–828. PMID: 9001678.

Yonezawa T, Onomura T, Kosaka R, Miyaji Y, Tanaka S, WatanabeH, Abe Y, Imachi K, Atumi K, Chinzei T. The system andprocedures of percutaneous intradiscal laser nucleotomy. Spine.Nov 1990; 15(11): 1175–1185. PMID: 2267614. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–199011010–00017.

Choy DS. Percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD) update:focus on device and procedure advances. J Clin Laser Med Surg.Aug 1993; 11(4): 181–183. PMID: 10146384. DOI: 10.1089/clm.1993.11.181.

Prodoehl JA, Lane GJ, Black J. The effects of lasers on intervertebral disc pressures. In: Sherk HH, ed. Spine: State of the Art Reviews. Laser discectomy. Vol 7. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus; 1993: 17.

Tonami H, Yokota H, Nakagawa T, Higashi K, Okimura T, YamamotoI, Nishijima Y. Percutaneous laser discectomy: MR findings within the first 24 hours after treatment and their relationship to clinical outcome. Clin Radiol. Dec 1997; 52(12): 938–944. PMID:9413969. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009–9260(97)80228–0.

Castro WH, Halm H, Jerosch J, Schilgen M, Winkelmann W.(Changes in the lumbar intervertebral disk following use of the Holmium-Yag laser-a biomechanical study). Z Orthop IhreGrenzgeb. Nov-Dec 1993; 131(6): 610–614. PMID: 8310755.DOI:10.1055/s-2008–1040079.

Choy DS, Ascher PW, Ranu HS, Saddekni S, Alkaitis D, LieblerW, Hughes J, Diwan S, Altman P. Percutaneous laser disc decompression. A new therapeutic modality. Spine. Aug 1992; 17(8):949–956. PMID: 1387977. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–199208000–00014.

Boult M, Fraser RD, Jones N, Osti O, Dohrmann P, Donnelly P, LiddellJ, Maddern GJ. Percutaneous endoscopic laser discectomy. Aust N Z J Surg. Jul 2000; 70(7): 475–479. PMID: 10901572. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440–1622.2000.01892.x.

Quigley MR. Percutaneous laser discectomy. Neurosurg Clin N Am. Jan 1996; 7(1): 37–42. PMID: 8835143.

Mehta M, Sluijter ME. The treatment of chronic back pain. A preliminary survey of the effect of radiofrequency denervation of the posterior vertebral joints. Anaesthesia. 1979; 34(8): 768–775. PMID:160757. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365–2044.1979.tb06410.x.

Sluijter ME. The use of radiofrequency lesions for pain relief in failed back patients. Int. Disabil. Stud. 1988; 10(1): 37–43. PMID:2968976. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288809164058.

Sluijter ME. The role of radiofrequency in failed back surgery patients. Curr. Rev. Pain. 2000; 4(1): 49–53. PMID: 10998715.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916–000–0009–3.

Sluijter ME, Mehta M. Treatment of chronic back and neck pain by percutaneous thermal lesion. In: Lipton S., Miles I. (Eds.): ModernMethods of Treatment. Vol. 3: Persistent Pain. London; AcademicPress; 1981.

Van Kleef M, Barendse GAM, Wilmink JT, Lousberg R, Bulstra SK, Weber WEJ, Sluijter ME. Percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency thermocoagulation in chronic non-specific low back pain. Pain Clin.1996; Vol. 9(3): 259–268. Available from: http://s3.amazonaws.com/publicationslist.org/data/wim.weber/ref-147/PainClinic1996.pdf.

Derby R, Eek B, Chen Y, O’neill C, Ryan D. Intradiscal electrothermal annuloplasty (IDET): a novel approach for treating chronic discogenic back pain. Neuromodulation. 2000; Apr; 3(2): 82–88.PMID:22151403. DOI: 10.1046/j.1525–1403.2000.00082.x.

Karasek M, Bogduk N. Twelve-month follow-up of a controlled trial of intradiscal thermal anuloplasty for back pain due to internal disc disruption. Spine. 2000; Oct 15; 25(20): 2601–2607. PMID: 11034644.https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632–200010150–00010.

Strohbehn JW. Temperature distributions from interstitial RF electrode hyperthermia systems: theoretical predictions. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 1983; Nov; 9(11): 1655–1667. PMID: 6643161.https://doi.org/10.1016/0360–3016(83)90419–4.

Freeman BJC, Walters RM, Moore RJ, Frase RD. Does intradiscal electrothermal therapy denervate and repair experimentally induced posterolateral annular tears in an animal model? Spine. Dec2003; 28(23):2602–2608. PMID: 14652477. DOI: 10.1097/01.BRS.0000097889.01759.05.

Helm S, Simopoulos TT, Stojanovic M, Abdi S, El Terany MA. Effectiveness of thermal annular procedures in treating discogenic low back pain. Pain Physician. 2017; 20: 447–470. PMID: 28934777.

Published
2018-11-22
How to Cite
1.
Smolanka VI, Fedurtsya VM, Pavlov BB. Discogenic low back pain: interventional treatment. PMJUA [Internet]. 22Nov.2018 [cited 15Dec.2018];3(3):16-. Available from: https://www.painmedicine.org.ua/index.php/pnmdcn/article/view/150