Efficiency of the combination of physical therapy modalities with topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for treatment of pain in rheumatology
Pain is the most common syndrome in rheumatology. NSAIDs are often used in its treatment. But they have limitations associated with side effects. An advantage of topical drugs and physical factors (electrophoresis, phonophoresis) combination is the use of low doses of the drug and a decrease in time, to achieve a therapeutic effect, reduce the risk of adverse reactions, increase the concentration of the drug in the inflammation focus, prolonged action (creating a drug depot in tissues). Ketoprofen gel (“Artrocol gel”) is one of the representatives of this pharmacological group. Physicochemical properties help ketoprofen to penetrate easily through the skin and create a therapeutic concentration in the underlying tissues.
To assess the effectiveness of ketoprofen gel (“Arthrocol gel”) electrophonophoresis in the treatment of pain in rheumatological patients.
Materials and methods.
The study was carried out on the basis of Physiotherapy Department of Vinnytsia Regional Clinical Hospital named after M. I. Pirogov. All patients treated according to the unified clinical protocols were divided into experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). Patients of EG (98 persons) underwent electrophonophoresis with ketoprofen gel once a day for a week. In CG (43 persons) ketoprofen gel was used without electrophonophoresis. The intensity of the pain syndrome is monitored using a visual analog scale (VAS) of Huskisson at rest and during movement. A week later, the patient and the doctor evaluated satisfaction with the results of treatment on the scale: not effective, insufficient, satisfactory, good, excellent.
There was a persistent decrease in the intensity of pain syndrome in patients of both groups. The VAS scores were lower in the EG starting from the 3rd day of treatment. The intensity of the acute pain syndrome after 1-week treatment at rest (t = 4.71, p < 0.001) and during the movement (t = 3.84, p < 0.001) more decrease in EG. Satisfaction with the results of treatment was higher in EG.
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